Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis is a condition which causes the skin to become irritated and swollen. This condition leads to a lot of itching, pain, and discomfort. Nevertheless, it can be controlled by simply making small changes in daily habits.
In this article, we provide the reader with some useful advice on how to control and treat this medical condition and enjoy a smoother skin without discomfort.
- Things like perfumed soaps and house dust mites can set off an outbreak of eczema. It is fundamental to be aware of the things that may cause eczema to appear so that the right measures can be taken and in this manner, avoid the potential catalysts.
- According to dermatologists, patients who suffer from eczema should not be in contact with any type of scented products such as body creams, make up, soaps and perfumes. Specialists rather recommend using fragrance-free products with no chemicals or added substances. There are other products which may also be catalysts for eczema such as pets’ skin flecks, house dust mites, gasoline, grass, home cleansing substances, chemicals, and some foods.
- Climate changes, heat and humidity can considerably affect eczema breakouts. It is obvious that weather conditions cannot be controlled. However, it is possible to better manage the situation inside the house. If the heat and humidity turn out to be unbearable, make sure to turn on the air conditioner to cool off. If the weather is very cold, opt for a humidifier with cool mist to avoid getting dry skin.
- Make sure to keep skin hydrated by applying moisturizing cream. This will significantly help to control eczema breakouts. It is recommended to apply hydrating creams right after taking a shower. Remember to choose fragrance-free products with no chemicals or added substances, since these greatly affect the skin by causing irritation. Preferably, opt for dense unguents or creams, since these offer major protection to the skin.
- Eczema can become extremely itchy, but the more you scratch it, the itchier it will become, not to mention the harm it causes to the skin which can then develop into an infection. Implement the use of regular moisturizing baths, medicines, and cold compresses when the itching becomes intolerable rather than scratching the affected areas.
- Sweating may be an eczema trigger. People who sweat a lot can often suffer from eczema outbreaks. So, for those who like to exercise and keep active, make sure to take a shower immediately after the workout is completed to keep eczema at bay.
- Dermatologists strongly advice eczema patients to always rinse new clothing before wearing it as this helps to avoid irritation. Eliminate the use of scented detergents and instead opt for fragrance-free ones. Also, ditch the fabric softeners. Wool and polyester are great irritants, so people with eczema should opt for cotton and cotton blends.
- Being way too stressed can have a significant impact on eczema outbreaks. The itchiness and uneasiness that eczema causes can additionally generate frustration and anger. It is important to break that repetitive, negative pattern and be aware of how to deal with stress by learning methods which can decrease it, for example: Yoga, meditation, biofeedback, deep breathing, or regular exercise.
- Substitute hot baths for ambient temperature showers or baths. Hot water tends to trigger eczema breakouts. If a hot shower or bath is really needed, try to enjoy it occasionally. Refrain from rubbing the skin and instead of utilizing a regular soap, try using a mild cleanser. Once you finish washing the skin, dry it by gently touching the skin repeatedly with a towel rather than rubbing the towel on it and make sure to apply a fragrance-free hydrating cream or lotion while the skin is still humid to keep the area moisturized.
- The hands are the parts of the body that are more likely to experience irritation since these are constantly in contact with water and other materials. Dish soaps are considered major irritants, so it is recommended to wear rubber gloves every time dishes are washed. Specialists advise wearing cotton gloves underneath the rubber gloves as this helps to soak up all the sweat and eliminate the risks of irritation. During the cold season choose to wear cotton or leather gloves instead of wool gloves, since the latter ones may cause eczema outbreaks. Cotton gloves may also be useful to protect the hands while performing other home-related activities.
If there is no improvement even after daily habits have been changed and other home methods have been exhausted, dermatologists usually recommend specific medications to treat the symptoms of eczema. Normally, medication that does not need a prescription is recommended such as cream or oral antihistamines. Make sure to follow the doctor’s direction and to take the medicines as prescribed.