A surgical wound is a cut or incision that occurs during surgery. This procedure is performed by a surgeon, who utilizes specific medical instruments in a setting free from infectious organisms and microorganisms.
There are many reasons why a surgical wound may be needed, for example, when a specialist considers it necessary to treat and continue studying an illness or disease to get better results and allow for health restoration. A medical operation is always carried out by a qualified surgeon who makes a cut or incision to expose the required layers of skin to get to the root of the main health problem.
According to specialists there are four kinds of surgical wounds and these have been classified depending on how clean or contaminated they are. By determining these types of surgical wounds, specialists in the field can have a better understanding of how to go about appropriately treating every case. Therefore, avoiding future infections and negative results coming from the wound recovery process.
- Clean wounds: These types of wounds are considered clean and without any form of swelling or infection. A clean wound does not encompass the urogenital and breathing tracts nor the stomach/intestines. Examples of a clean wound are those that involve the eyes, skin, and circulatory system.
- Clean-contaminated wounds: These wounds are considered to have an increased danger of getting infected due to their location. These can encompass the urogenital and breathing tracts and the stomach and intestines. Any surgery that involves the female reproductive organs, the removing of wires or pins and chest or ear surgeries can be categorized as clean-contaminated wounds.
- Contaminated wounds: These are surgical wounds in which a foreign object makes contact with the wound, hence a higher risk of infection develops. Any object such as a knife or any other sharp item or a bullet can contaminate the wound site. Even an excessive discharge of gastrointestinal bowel contents may cause contamination to the areas around the wound.
- Dirty-infected wounds: These surgical wounds are those that can have an embedded object inside. Wounds that have suffered trauma and have not received timely appropriate treatment, as well as those in contact with pus and fecal material are categorized under this type.
Surgical wounds are always prone to getting infected. This is why special attention must be paid, to the following signs and symptoms:
- High body temperatures
- Excessive pain
- Redness around the wound site
- Unpleasant smell or secretions originating from the wound
- Skin feeling hot to the touch
There are some important aspects that can jeopardize the health status of a surgical wound:
- Suffering from other medical conditions
- Surgical wounds located close to areas such as the groin or mouth
- Surgical wounds which have been in close contact with external contaminants
- Untreated wounds that may contain dirt are susceptible to infection
Treatment given to a surgical wound greatly depends on its location and severity level. There are many ways to close a wound. Many specialists opt for a special tube that siphons off the excess blood or other secretions from the operative area. Others may prefer to apply stitches or staples or even leave the wound exposed to allow for better recovery. Also, surgical wounds need to be appropriately covered using special dressings to avoid any problems with it. Dressings can be found in a wide array of options, including aseptic gauzes and vacuum assisted closures (VAC).
A healthy nutrition also plays an important part in the restoration process. What you ingest and how well-hydrated you are will determine how soon the surgical wound heals. Monitoring your overall health through blood analysis, taking the right medication as prescribed and resting as instructed will have great benefits during the recovery process of a surgical wound. Following instructions as given by the doctor, keeping the wound clean and having the right nutrition and hydration will definitely promote faster healing and prevention of infections, hence improving your overall well-being.