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Psoriasis: Signs, Causes, and Treatment

Psoriasis is a disease characterized by the presence of abundant white coverings in the skin that is topped with silvery flakes. The coverings can appear anywhere on the skin, mainly scalp, lower back, knees, and elbows. It can be shown as reddish layers covered with white-crust skin shapes of different sizes. Approximately seven and a half million individuals experience psoriasis in the U.S.

It is a chronic illness that can be experienced at any age. It occurs when skin cells grow too fast in short time periods. They stack up on the top of the skin giving rise to psoriasis. The disease is neither contagious nor it is sexually transmitted. It can, however, be genetically transmitted from one generation to the next.

The disease is shown in different types. Some are named as follows: psoriasis vulgaris or plaque, guttate, flexural psoriasis or inverse, pustular and exfoliative psoriasis or erythrodermic.

People may experience some types of psoriasis in sequence. The illness has been shown to come as a derivative of some other conditions such as excessive stress, lithium intake, extreme cold and/or sunburn. Symptoms of different types of psoriasis are listed next:

➢      Psoriasis Vulgaris or Plaque

  • It is the most common form of psoriasis with 80% of all cases shown in the U.S.
  • Covers of reddish colors are present on top of skin
  • Covers have white crusts (scales) that itch
  • Can be exposed to the entire skin
  • Can be of different sizes and are able to spread around, covering large parts of the skin
  • Nail issues (crumbling and falling) can be present

➢      Guttate Psoriasis

  • Skin is covered by little, red spots
  • Can be exposed to the entire skin
  • It can appear as a derivative of another illness
  • It can go away by itself sometime after its appearance
  • Children are bound to suffer the disease more frequently

➢      Pustular Psoriasis

  • Palms and feet are covered with little, red, swollen protuberances filled with pus
  • Can also show fever, chills, itching, accelerated pulse, loss of the need to eat and faintness
  • Protuberances are usually painful and after they dry, spots are left on the skin

➢      Flexural Psoriasis or Inverse

  • It grows in places such as armpits, genitals, and bums or, for females, under their breasts
  • It shows as red, flat and even skin covers
  • Children are bound to suffer the disease more frequently


➢      Exfoliate Psoriasis or Erythrodermic

  • It shows as “burns”
  • Person feels too hot or too cold
  • Heart becomes accelerated for unknown reasons
  • Skin turns red, itches and hurts a lot
  • It is a very dangerous type of psoriasis and it can sometimes lead to death

To be able to improve the quality of life, a person with psoriasis needs to consult a dermatologist and to follow a prescribed appropriate treatment. This will usually reduce the symptoms and allow for a better lifestyle. Also, practicing mild exercise, avoiding smoking, eating healthy foods and drinking very little alcohol will reduce harmful effects of the disease.

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