There are two types of techniques that can help a wound to heal faster and more effectively: Moist wound healing and dry wound healing.
Moist wound healing involves the employment of damp protective coverings which encourage proper healing. Applying this method prevents the formation of a crust or a scab. Exudate plays an important role in wound healing, since the secretions which naturally seep out from a wound are utilized to encourage the renewal of new skin cells.
Dry wound healing encompasses leaving the wound uncovered and hence exposed to open air, therefore allowing the formation of a scab to dry it out and to promote a faster healing process.
Important steps to correctly dry out a wound are listed below:
- Press the wound utilizing a sterile or clean gauze to help stop the bleeding. If more blood keeps wetting the gauze, make sure to apply a clean gauze on the piece utilized at first.
- Keep pressure against the wound for twenty to thirty minutes or till bleeding stops. After that, take off the gauze and gently wash the wound with clean fresh water to get rid of any dirt or residue.
- Carefully dry the wound by pressing it with a sterile gauze and then apply a small amount of antibiotic cream using a cotton swab.
- Use another piece of dry sterile gauze to cover the wound and make sure it does not come loose by utilizing adhesive tape. By doing this, the sterile gauze will gather all the secretions originating from the wound, which will aid in the formation of a scab.
- The gauze should be changed once daily, while the wound must be kept covered until the formation of a scab has started. This normally happens in one or two days.
- As the formation of the scab starts, leave the wound exposed to open air. This will allow the skin beneath the scab to properly heal.
It is important to be cautious about the following things:
- The wound must not be covered with a wet medical covering since this will not allow the wound to dry out.
- A health professional must be contacted immediately if the wound does not stop bleeding even when all the proper measures have been applied.
- If after a couple of days, the wound shows signs of inflammation and reddening, the patient must promptly get help from a health professional to rule out a possible infection.
A piece of advice
Make sure to appropriately clean the area around the wound site with soap and water and a clean piece of cloth, in the event that dirt or residue are still left after washing the wound area. Just try to stop soap from getting into the wound.