There are certain cuts and wounds which may take longer to mend and this could lead to serious infections. If this is the case, it is extremely important to seek help from a health professional as soon as possible. It wouldn’t be uncommon for subjacent conditions such as diabetes to develop.
When a body part experiences a cut or wound, the body goes through three phases to renovate the injured skin:
- The first phase involves the reaction from the immune system which makes the skin swollen to avoid the spreading of germs or bacteria.
- The second phase occurs when the wound develops a hard covering of dried secretions such as blood, plasma, or pus, which protects the wound or cut as it heals.
- Last but not the least, the hard covering allows for scar tissue to appear and completely mend the wound.
Healing of wounds and cuts may depend on the severity and the health status of the person. It is fundamental to be knowledgeable of some factors which may not let a wound or cut mend properly, for example: Lack of Zinc, low levels of human growth hormone (HGH), diseases related to the veins, arteries or vessels, diabetes mellitus and Rheumatoid arthritis.
Diabetes is one of the biggest causal agents for a delay in the healing process of wounds. The high amounts of glucose in the blood can greatly affect the nervous system and the way the blood circulates. Because of this, the right levels of blood required for the skin to regenerate correctly do not extend to the damaged area, therefore causing wounds, cuts, or lesions to not heal as fast as expected.
If extra attention is not paid to this matter, the consequences can be negative. The affected area may become exposed and may not heal properly. As a result the following conditions could develop: Bacterial and fungal infections as well as death and decomposition of body tissues (gangrene). To reduce these dangers, diabetes should always be supervised and managed by a specialist. Glucose in blood should be strictly monitored to prevent any delay in the healing process.
People suffering from diabetes must always keep in mind that their feet must be well taken care of since a cut, wound, blister, lesion or abrasion to the area may have fatal reactions on the skin (like the ones mentioned above), hence running the risk of needing an amputation.
People who do not suffer from diabetes but have gotten a wound or cut, should consult a doctor if they notice that the healing process is being delayed or that an infection might have developed in order to allow the appropriate measures to be applied and to avoid further complications.